AFP / January 9, 2020
Defence minister Naftali Bennett is leading his New Right party to elections in March.
Israel’s defence minister yesterday said he planned to increase the number of Jewish settlers in the occupied West Bank to a million within a decade, from about 400,000 at present.
Naftali Bennett, a hawk who draws much of his support from settlers, is leading his New Right party to elections in March.
He was speaking alongside Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and US Ambassador David Friedman at a Jerusalem congress on Washington’s November policy shift stating it no longer considers Israeli settlements illegal.
“Our aim is that within a decade a million Israeli citizens will live in Judea and Samaria,” Mr Bennett said, using the biblical term for the Israeli-occupied West Bank.
Mr Friedman, a strong supporter of settlements, disputed the use of the term “occupied”.
“We are not occupiers in our homeland, we are not occupiers in our own land, we are not like the Belgians in the Congo,” he said. Both men’s comments drew swift condemnation from the Palestinian Authority.
The PA foreign ministry described them as racist and “reflecting the Jewish colonial nature of the deal of the century” – a reference to US President Donald Trump’s so-far undisclosed peace plan.
The ministry said that Mr Friedman and Mr Bennett’s statements were “official confessions of their involvement in the crime of settlement and the confiscation of Palestinian land”.
On November 18, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the United States no longer considered Israeli settlements to be “inconsistent with international law”.
Previously, US policy was based, at least in theory, on a legal opinion issued by the State Department in 1978 which said that establishing settlements in Palestinian territories captured a decade earlier by Israel went against international law.
The Fourth Geneva Convention on the laws of war explicitly forbids moving civilians into occupied territories.
The about-turn brought stiff international and Palestinian criticism.
The United Nations and European Union said the decision would not change the reality that the settlements were illegal, while the Arab League condemned Washington’s move.
More than 600,000 Israelis live in settlements in East Jerusalem and the West Bank, alongside more than three million Palestinians.
Israel seized control of the territories, seen as pivotal parts of any future Palestinian state, in the 1967 Arab-Israeli War.