Palestinians mark prisoners’ day amid Jerusalem tensions

Samira al-Haj Ahmad (56) mother of a prisoner sentenced to 20 years in Israeli jail (Mohammed Salem - AJ)

Maram Humaid

Al-Jazeera  /  April 17, 2022

Protesters’ call for Israel to release Palestinian prisoners comes days after mass arrest at Al-Aqsa Mosque compound.

Gaza City – Dozens of people have gathered opposite the headquarters of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in the besieged Gaza Strip to demand that Israel immediately release Palestinian prisoners.

The demonstration on Sunday was one of several held across the occupied Palestinian territories to mark Palestinian Prisoners Day, an occasion on which Palestinians traditionally show solidarity with those held in Israeli prisons.

More than 4,400 Palestinians are currently held in Israeli jails. More than 500 detainees, including women and minors, are held in “administrative detention”, under which suspects are held without charge or trial for an indefinite time period.

Samira al-Haj Ahmad, 56, who goes by Umm Raed, has joined the annual protests and taken part in weekly solidarity sit-ins for the past 17 years.

Her son Raed al-Hajj Ahmad is being detained at Nafha, a prison in the Naqab (Negev) region of Israel. He was sentenced to 20 years of imprisonment in 2004 after attempting an attack at the Beit Hanoun (Erez) checkpoint in northern Gaza.

“The suffering of our sons in Israeli prisons continues, difficult conditions and harsh treatment by the jailers,” she told Al Jazeera, holding Raed’s photo.

“The flower of my son’s youth went in prison. He was only 20 when he was detained, now he is 38,” she said. “Every month of Ramadan we miss him at the iftar table, our lives have no taste without him.”

Other events to mark the day took place in the districts of Ramallah, Nablus and Hebron in the occupied West Bank, where participants walked in demonstrations and held banners to show solidarity with the prisoners.

This year’s Prisoners Day comes after more than 300 Palestinians were arrested and at least 160 wounded as Israeli forces raided Al-Aqsa Mosque compound in occupied East Jerusalem on Friday.

“Every day there are dozens of young men who are arrested, as we saw two days ago in Jerusalem and in the West Bank,” Um Raed said.

“No one cares about the number of prisoners that Israel is holding. Everyone must work for the release of all our youth detained by Israel.”

According to the rights group Addameer, 12 of 32 Palestinian women held in Israeli prisons are mothers, and about 160 Palestinian children aged 12-17 are in Israeli detention.

Former prisoner Fatima al-Ziq, 52, told Al-Jazeera that the issue of prisoners should be a top priority for the Palestinian leadership and political factions.

“From my past experience I lived my most difficult days in Israeli prisons. The prison service used all measures of psychological and physical torture against us,” she said.

“The policies of deprivation of family visits, solitary confinement, administrative detention are still used against prisoners.”

Al-Ziq was arrested in May 2007 when she was two months pregnant at the Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing, accused of attempting to carry out an attack in Israel. She later gave birth to her son Yousef in an Israeli prison.

She and her son were freed along with another 19 Palestinian women as part of a deal in 2009 between Israel and Hamas, the Palestinian faction that rules Gaza. Under the deal, Hamas produced a so-called “proof of life” video of Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit, who had been held captive for more than three years and Israel released the women prisoners.

Um Ibrahim Baroud, 82, is the mother of Ibrahim Baroud, who was released in April 2013 after spending 27 years in Israeli prisons.

“My suffering while waiting for the release of my son made me feel like the mother of every prisoner,” she told Al-Jazeera.

“All the prisoners are my sons, and I pray for their release every day. No one feels the suffering of the prisoner and his family except the one who tasted this cup,” she said.

In 1995, Umm Ibrahim co-founded a weekly sit-in for Palestinian prisoners’ families opposite the ICRC headquarters in an attempt to raise awareness about the plight of Palestinian prisoners.  Until today, people continue to gather at the site each Monday morning.

“I had this idea with another prisoner’s mother. We wanted to make sure our sons were not forgotten,” she said.

“It was just the two of us standing outside the ICRC the first time – but we knew the next week there would be three or four of us, and then, slowly, more mothers joined us,” she said.

Umm Ibrahim called for the release of Palestinian prisoners and to stop Israel’s punitive measures against them.

“The international community should act to stop the brutal policies of administrative detention, child detention and release those with high sentences.”

Maram Humaid is a Palestinian journalist and storyteller from the Gaza Strip

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How many Palestinians are imprisoned by Israel ?

Mohammed Haddad

Al-Jazeera  /  April 17, 2022 

Israel holds some 4,450 Palestinians – including 160 children, 32 women, and 530 administrative detainees – in prisons.

On April 17 every year, Palestinian Prisoner’s Day is commemorated to highlight the plight of those held in Israeli jails and their struggle for freedom against the Israeli occupation.

Over the course of 2021, the Israeli military arrested nearly 8,000 Palestinians, including more than 1,300 minors and 184 women.

Israeli authorities also issued more than 1,500 administrative detention orders – holding Palestinians without charge or trial, according to prisoners’ rights group Addameer.

As of April 10, 2022, there were 4,450 Palestinians held in Israeli jails in Israel and the occupied territory.

For Palestinians, they are political prisoners fighting to end Israel’s illegal occupation. Of those:

  • 530 are held without charge or trial
  • 160 are children
  • 32 are women
  • 549 are serving life sentences
  • 499 are serving a sentence of more than 20 years

Child prisoners – Ahmad Manasra’s case

Israel is the only country in the world that tries children in military courts, often denying them their basic rights.

The Israeli army has imprisoned more than 12,000 Palestinian children since 2000, according to Addameer.

Most of these children were charged with “throwing stones”, a crime punishable under military law by up to 20 years in prison.

Currently, 160 Palestinian children remain in Israeli prisons, most are in pre-trial detention and have not been convicted of any offence.

One of the most harrowing child prisoner cases is that of Ahmad Manasra who was arrested at the age of 13, brutally interrogated and then sentenced.

After six years served on his sentence, and six months of detention prior, he has only just turned 21.

Ahmad was with his cousin Hassan, who allegedly stabbed two Israeli settlers near an Israeli settlement in occupied East Jerusalem in 2015.

Hassan, who was 15 at the time, was shot and killed by an Israeli civilian, while Ahmad was severely beaten by an Israeli mob and run over by a car.

He suffered fractures to his skull and internal bleeding.

At the time, Israeli law stated that children under 14 could not be held criminally responsible.

To circumvent this, Israeli authorities waited until Manasra turned 14 to sentence him. The law was changed in August 2016 to allow the prosecution of younger children.

Ahmad was charged with attempted murder and sentenced to 12 years in prison. The sentence was later reduced to nine years.

Ahmad has long suffered mental health issues. At the end of 2021, a psychiatrist from Doctors Without Borders was allowed to visit him and diagnosed him with schizophrenia. This was the first time an external doctor was allowed to see him.

In spite of Ahmad’s mental health issues and diagnoses, he has been held in solitary confinement for the past five months.

Israeli forces have shot and killed at least eight Palestinian children since the start of 2022.

Administrative detainees – held without charge or trial

There are currently 530 Palestinians in “administrative detention” – held without charge or trial.

The detainees, including women and children, can be held by the military for renewable six-month periods based on “secret evidence” that neither the detainee nor their lawyer is allowed to see.

According to international law, an occupying state is prohibited from transferring and holding prisoners outside the occupied territory, but Israel does this with a number of prisons within its borders.

Over the years, many detainees have gone on hunger strike as a non-violent protest against their detention.

Mohammed HaddadAl-Jazeera