Middle East Eye / January 19, 2023
Israeli PM discusses normalizing ties with Saudi Arabia during visit of US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu discussed normalizing ties with Saudi Arabia in talks with visiting White House National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan on Thursday, his office said, saying they wanted to bring the Saudis into the “circle of peace”.
Netanyahu, who returned to office last month with the formation of a new, ultra-rightwing government, was at the helm in 2020 when Israel established ties with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Morocco as part of the so-called Abraham Accords.
The Israeli premier has repeatedly expressed his desire to see Saudi Arabia join the list. In December, he appeared on Saudi state television to claim that normalization with Riyadh is key to peace between Israel and Palestine.
In their talks, Netanyahu and Sullivan discussed “measures to deepen the Abraham Accords and expand the circle of peace, with an emphasis on a breakthrough with Saudi”, the Israeli leader’s office said in a statement.
They also discussed joint efforts to curb Iran’s nuclear program and its regional activities, with Netanyahu thanking his American guest for President Joe Biden’s commitment to preventing Tehran from obtaining nuclear arms, the statement said.
“You come at a special time because we have acute challenges to our security and vast opportunities for peace,” Netanyahu said in televised remarks relayed by his office.
“I am convinced that by working together we can both meet the challenges and realize the opportunities,” he said. “That’s something that bolsters our extraordinary alliance but also can change the region and change history.”
Sullivan stressed that “America’s commitment to Israel is ironclad and it’s a commitment that’s rooted in shared history, shared interests, and shared values.”
“We have to talk about both the challenges but also the real opportunities that our two countries have to work towards a better future,” he added.
‘Enhancing the Abraham Accords’
Sullivan’s visit, the first by a senior US official since Netanyahu’s new government was sworn in, also saw him meet President Isaac Herzog on Wednesday for talks about “ways to deepen the strategic cooperation,” Herzog’s office said.
Before speaking with Netanyahu on Thursday, Sullivan had met with the head of Israel’s Mossad spy agency, David Barnea, and Israeli national security advisor, Tzachi Hanegbi.
Hanegbi and Sullivan also held a video call with their Emirati and Bahraini counterparts, with the four “committing to enhancing the Abraham Accords,” Netanyahu’s office said.
Netanyahu also spoke to Rishi Sunak on Thursday. The British prime minister spoke to his Israeli counterpart “to congratulate him on his re-appointment”, according to a statement from 10 Downing Street.
“The leaders agreed that the Abraham Accords had the potential to bring about a permanent step change in relations between Israel and its neighbours, with far reaching benefits,” the statement read.
The new Israeli government is the most rightwing administration in its history, with Netanyahu’s Likud party in coalition with far-right religious Zionist factions and ultra-Orthodox parties.
A leading US pro-Israel Democrat senator told the Israeli government this week that she did not want to meet with any members of two far-right parties in the governing coalition, according to a report from Axios.
Senator Jacky Rosen, who co-chairs the United States Senate’s Abraham Accords Caucus, was leading a bipartisan delegation of senators to Israel, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Morocco.
Rosen stated that during their visit, she does not want members of the two far-right parties, Itamar Ben-Gvir’s Otzma Yehudit or Bezalel Smotrich’s Religious Zionism, to attend any of their meetings, two Israeli officials and a source close to the senator told Axios.
Saudi Arabia won’t normalize Israel ties until Palestinian statehood
Middle East Eye / January 20, 2023
Kingdom’s foreign minister affirms position at Davos after Netanyahu spoke of bringing Riyadh into ‘circle of peace’.
“True normalization and true stability will only come through giving the Palestinians hope. Through giving the Palestinians dignity, and that requires giving the Palestinians a state,” said Saudi Foreign Minister Faisal bin Farhan Al-Saud, speaking to Bloomberg on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.
A short video of the comments, in which the minister speaks English, was shared on the Saudi foreign ministry’s official Twitter account.
Israel and Saudi Arabia do not have official diplomatic relations, but Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman met secretly with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in the kingdom in 2020, according to several Israeli media reports at the time.
Earlier on Thursday, Netanyahu discussed Saudi normalization at a meeting with White House National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan in Jerusalem.
The two spoke about “the next steps to deepen the Abraham Accords and expand the circle of peace, with an emphasis on a breakthrough with Saudi Arabia”, according to the Israeli prime minister’s office.
Netanyahu, who returned to office last month with the formation of a new, ultra-right-wing government, was at the helm in 2020 when Israel established ties with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Morocco and Sudan as part of the so-called Abraham Accords.
In December, he took to Saudi Arabian state television to claim that normalization was key to peace between Israel and Palestine.
“I think we can have a new peace initiative that will form a quantum leap for the achievement for the resolution of both the Arab-Israeli conflict and, ultimately, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict,” Netanyahu told Al Arabiya at the time.
“And of course, I’m referring to what could be a truly remarkable historic peace with Saudi Arabia.”
Palestinians have denounced normalization deals between Israel and Arab countries, which they say violate a longstanding Arab League position that relations with Israel should only be normalized in exchange for a Palestinian state.