Palestinians to hand bullet that killed Shireen Abu Akleh to US

Yellow tape marks bullet holes on a tree at the site where Palestinian-American Al-Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Akleh was killed in Jenin (Majdi Mohammed - AP)

Al-Jazeera  /  July 2, 2022

Palestinian Authority general prosecutor says the bullet will be transferred for examination by US authorities.

The Palestinian Authority has agreed to hand over the bullet that killed Palestinian-American journalist Shireen Abu Akleh during an Israeli raid in the occupied West Bank last month to US authorities, a Palestinian official has said.

“We agreed to transfer the bullet to the Americans for examination,” Akram al-Khatib, general prosecutor for the Palestinian Authority, told the Reuters news agency on Saturday without providing further details.

Palestinian officials, and many rights groups and media outlets, have reached the conclusion that the Al Jazeera journalist Abu Akleh was killed by the Israeli military.

The United Nations human rights office last month said that information it had gathered showed that the bullet that killed Abu Akleh on May 11 was fired by Israeli forces.

Several witnesses said Israeli forces killed the Jerusalem-born Abu Akleh.

According to ballistic and forensic experts, the green-tipped bullet was designed to pierce armour and is used in an M4 rifle. The round was extracted from her head.

The bullet was analyzed using 3D models and, according to experts, it was 5.56mm calibre – the same used by Israeli forces. The round was designed and manufactured in the United States, experts said.

Glenn Carle, a former deputy national intelligence officer for transnational threats at the CIA said that the results of the investigation could put US President Joe Biden in an awkward position.

“For a forensic analysis of a bullet in a shooting, it’s straightforward that the FBI would take the lead on this. However, because it is an international issue involving an entity and a state, and the international relations of the US, anything decided to be worked on, will be coordinated with other relevant parts of the government. The decision will frankly come from the White House,” said Carle.

“An analysis that finds that the bullet came from an Israeli shooter or rifle, could create problems for the Israeli government. Yet, the US is not going to want to hide the facts whatever they turn out to be. So it will be a delicate issue which I would guess American authorities would want to defer until after President Biden’s trip,” he added.

Reporting from Jerusalem, Al-Jazeera’s Stefanie Dekker, said there have been lot of calls for the Palestinians to hand over the bullet to the US but they have been refusing do so.

“What has changed is a call from US secretary of state Anthony Blinken a couple of days to Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas where pressure was put to hand over the bullet so that the Americans can analyze it.

“Palestinians have no hope or trust that there be accountability,” said Dekker, explaining that Shireen’s family mentioned they were not informed that the bullet would be handed over and that the process lacked transparency.

Israeli officials initially said Palestinian fighters could have killed Abu Akleh.

However, Israel later backtracked and said it could not rule out the possibility that an Israeli soldier had fired the shot. Palestinian leaders have rejected proposals for a joint probe with Israel, saying such a probe would not be transparent.

Al-Jazeera Media Network announced on May 26 that it had assigned a legal team to refer the killing to the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague. The case was recently handed over to the ICC prosecutor. However, the current status of the investigation remains unclear.

Lawyers working on a case filed to the ICC about the targeting of Palestinian journalists by Israeli forces have also said they will add Abu Akleh’s killing to the case.

SOURCE: AL-JAZEERA AND NEWS AGENCIES

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Palestinians give bullet that killed journalist to US team

Josef Federman

AP  /  July 2, 2022

JERUSALEM — The Palestinian Authority on Saturday said it has given the bullet that killed Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Akleh to American forensic experts, taking a step toward resolving a standoff with Israel over the investigation into her death.

The announcement came just over a week before President Joe Biden is to visit Israel and the occupied West Bank for meetings with Israeli and Palestinian leaders. It signalled that both sides may be working to find a solution to the deadlock.

Abu Akleh, a veteran correspondent who was well known throughout the Arab world, was fatally shot while covering an Israeli military raid on May 11 in the Jenin refugee camp in the occupied West Bank.

The Palestinians, along with Abu Akleh’s colleagues who were with her at the time, say she was killed by Israeli fire. The Israeli army says that she was caught in the crossfire of a battle with Palestinian gunmen, and that it is impossible to determine which side killed her without analysing the bullet.

Israel says it has identified the rifle that may have shot her, but that it cannot draw any conclusions unless it is compared to the bullet. The Palestinians have refused to turn over the bullet, saying they don’t trust Israel. Rights groups say Israel has a poor record investigating shootings of Palestinians by its troops, with probes languishing for months or years before they are quietly closed.

The Palestinian attorney general, Akram al-Khateeb, said the bullet was given to U.S. experts “for technical work.”

He reiterated the Palestinian refusal to share the bullet with the Israelis but said the Palestinians welcome the participation of any international bodies to “help us confirm the truth.”

“We are confident and certain of our investigations and the results we have reached,” he said.

It was not immediately clear what the American experts could discover without also studying the Israeli weapon. It also was not clear whether Israel would turn over the rifle to the Americans. The Israeli military declined comment, and U.S. Embassy’s Office of Palestinian Affairs said it had “no new information to offer.”

A Palestinian official, speaking on condition of anonymity because he was discussing a diplomatic matter, said the issue was raised in a phone call between Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and Secretary of State Antony Blinken and that both sides hope to resolve the issue before Biden’s arrival on July 13.

An AP reconstruction of events has lent support to eyewitnesses who say she was shot by Israeli troops. But a weapons expert interviewed by the AP as part of the reconstruction said that it was impossible to reach a conclusive finding without further forensic analysis. Israeli leaders have repeatedly said that soldiers did not intentionally target her.

Abu Akleh, who was 51, was a widely known and respected on-air correspondent who rose to fame two decades ago during the second Palestinian intifada, or uprising, against Israeli rule. She documented the harsh realities of life under Israeli military rule — now well into its sixth decade with no end in sight — for viewers across the Arab world.

Israeli police drew widespread criticism from around the world when they beat mourners and pallbearers at her funeral in Jerusalem on May 14. An Israeli newspaper last month reported that a police investigation found wrongdoing by some of its officers, but said those who supervised the event will not be seriously punished.

Jenin has long been a bastion of Palestinian militants, and several recent attacks inside Israel have been carried out by young men from in and around the town. Israel frequently carries out military raids in Jenin, which it says are aimed at arresting militants and preventing more attacks.

Israel captured the West Bank in the 1967 Mideast war and has built settlements where nearly 500,000 Israelis live alongside nearly 3 million Palestinians. The Palestinians want the territory to form the main part of a future state. Peace talks broke down more than a decade ago, and with Israel now in a new election campaign, they are unlikely to resume anytime soon. The caretaker prime minister, Yair Lapid, supports a two-state solution with the Palestinians, but right-wing parties that oppose Palestinian statehood appear positioned to dominate the election.

Associated Press writer Fares Akram in Gaza City, Gaza Strip, contributed to this report