Consortium News / July 13, 2022
The U.S. president will be seen smiling with MbS and questions about Khashoggi’s murder, or the murder of other dissidents who were beheaded, will be dismissed in the name of “Arab-Israeli peace”.
President Joe Biden has embarked on a Middle East trip that will include a visit to Saudi Arabia and a meeting with Crown Prince Muhammad Bin Salman.
So, it’s now official, the Biden administration will forget about the murder of Jamal Khashoggi and the war in Yemen. The U.S. has only gently pressured Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates to observe a truce in Yemen in return for designation of the Houthi rebels as terrorists. (It is illustrative of how political the U.S. government’s definition of terrorism is that Houthi rebels — who never perpetrated acts of international terrorism — are designated as terrorists merely as a political gesture toward Gulf despots.)
Biden will swallow the promises and words he uttered during the presidential campaign (when he forcefully chided the Saudi regime and MbS personally) as he cares more about U.S. public opinion and the mid-term elections than human rights considerations. Gas prices for electoral purposes always trump lofty ideals. But when did U.S. presidents ever care about human rights in their relationships in the Arab world? U.S. presidents care about human rights violations only in countries where rulers are not aligned with the U.S. and Israel.
After his stop in Israel, Biden will travel to Saudi Arabia chiefly to line-up Gulf countries with U.S. foreign and economic policies. His first priority is an agreement for increased oil production and Saudi Arabia has the most oil to offer. Biden is concerned mainly about his political fortune (and the sagging political fortunes of his party), and the foreign policy establishment in Washington (much of it beholden to Gulf money) has been urging Biden to basically disregard human rights as an element in U.S. foreign policy in the Gulf region.
Biden will also attempt to provide security guarantees for the regimes and perhaps he will reach treaty arrangements. Saudi Arabia has already signed a security treaty with France, and the U.S. may be offering similar arrangements, which won’t conflict with long-established U.S. foreign policy priorities.
It is possible the U.S. will create a security umbrella for the region’s regimes and possibly extend to both Saudi Arabia and the UAE the senior, non-NATO membership status that was recently accorded to their rival, Qatar.
In the name of ‘peace’
Fantastically, Biden has been selling his controversial overtures to MbS as part of an effort to end Arab-Israeli wars, as if the UAE and Saudi Arabia have a long history of wars with Israel. Saudi opposition groups in Washington have expressed alarm over the recent gestures of reconciliation between Biden and MbS but all Arab opposition groups, which have in the past pinned their hope on the U.S. government, have been woefully disappointed. Biden will be seen smiling with MbS and questions about Khashoggi’s murder (or about the murder of other dissidents who were beheaded) will be dismissed in the name of “Arab-Israeli peace.”
Unhappy with US
Gulf countries, primarily the UAE and Saudi Arabia (we can include Bahrain as a Saudi vassal), have recently expressed displeasure with the U.S. role in the region. They are unsatisfied — they want more U.S. military intervention and more war.
How have Saudi Arabia and the UAE been showing their displeasure with Biden?
First, the countries (especially the UAE) have a financial stake in many of the D.C.-based think tanks and their embassies cultivate — in the line with the Shah’s embassy of yesteryear — relations with all top journalists. The UAE ambassador is famous for hosting lavish dinner parties, football barbecues and has flown journalists to the Gulf to watch car races.
Second, it was reported that leaders of both the UAE and Saudi Arabia declined calls from Biden. While that story is hard to believe, it may be part of the UAE-KSA propaganda campaign to signal their political dissatisfaction. Both leaders have actually been desperate to arrange a meeting with Biden. It is unlikely that both leaders who have lobbied feverishly to meet with Biden would not take his calls.
Third, the two countries have been solidifying their alliance with Israel (openly in the case of the UAE and secretively in the case of Saudi Arabia). In the past, Gulf countries opened relations and held discussions with the Israeli government as a way to impress Washington. In recent years, Gulf countries solidified relations with Israel in order to obtain security arrangements that bypass the U.S. government. They assumed that Israel is a better ally against Iran than a cautious U.S.
Alliance with Israel, for those Gulf despots, has become an alternative to what they find as inadequate American commitment to Gulf security (Gulf security is a formal term for the U.S. commitment to the longevity of despotic regimes when in alliance with Washington).
Fourth, the UAE and Saudi Arabia have been acting independently of Washington in their response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine. At the U.N., the UAE abstained from casting a vote against Russia. Even on sanctions against Russia, both countries — as the Russian foreign minister announced — refused to follow the U.S. lead. While the U.S. stands with its despots throughout the region, Gulf countries are still angry that former President Barack Obama allowed the Egyptian and Tunisian rulers to be overthrown (although, to be fair to Obama, the U.S. administration at the time tried its best to save both despots from the wrath of their people but it was too late).
Fifth, both countries have refused U.S. pressure to increase the production of oil during the energy crisis that followed the Russian invasion of the Ukraine. High oil prices serve the purposes of MbS who has major exorbitant domestic projects and foreign adventures in the region to pay for, especially in Yemen. The oil price is a key ingredient in U.S.-Saudi relations and Biden has just realized that he needs to shift course in the relationship between the two countries.
The despots had their best leader in Trump. He never pretended to care about human rights; the man was quite frank about his expectations and requirements for good relations. He wanted investment and mega arm purchases in return for U.S. blanket support for regional tyranny.
The idea that presidents before Trump shied away from total support for despots is typical of the U.S. media rhetoric against Trump. They wanted to instil the view that Trump, unlike all previous Republican and Democratic presidents, deviated from standard foreign policy principles in support of pro-U.S. dictators worldwide.
There’s no doubt most mainstream U.S. media suffer from an acute case of Democratic Party bias. (It’s not a liberal bias because these journalists show little concern for the downtrodden who — one would think — would matter to liberals.) Instead, the media suffer from a strong bias in favour of the war establishment: The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, MSNBC, The Economist and all the others are in agreement. Normally the media tries to cloak these biases. But with the advent of Donald Trump pretences were dropped.
Social media has further demolished the theatre of objectivity as journalists compete with each other to show their staunch support for intervention and more military aid to pro-U.S. despots worldwide.
Thus, it will be interesting to see whether U.S. establishment media, which normally ignores Saudi human rights abuses but was scathing after the Khashoggi murder, gives Biden a pass for going back on his word and meeting MbS. With its largely Democratic Party bias, it too has a stake in the outcome of November’s congressional elections.
As’ad AbuKhalil is a Lebanese-American professor of political science at California State University, Stanislaus; he is the author of the Historical Dictionary of Lebanon (1998), Bin Laden, Islam and America’s New War on Terrorism (2002) and The Battle for Saudi Arabia (2004)