Cinema Palestina 23

Cinema Palestina (p)

Costanzo, Saverio Drama. 90 min. Italië 2004. Kleur, 16:9 anamorphic. Arabisch/Hebreeuws/Engels Dolby Digital 2.0. Ondertiteling: Nederlands & Frans. Based on a true story, Private offers an intensely intimate view of events as they unfold for a middle class Palestinian family whose home is invaded and occupied by Israeli troops. Refusing to abandon their home, the father, a welleducated teacher, is faced with a struggle to retain his dignity, and the support of his family as the it is subjected to increasing levels of stress. Featuring an awardwinning performance by leading actor Mohammed Bakri, the film’s claustrophobic set and camera work combine to make it at once deeply unsettling and profoundly moving. Winner – FIPRESCI Award San Francisco International Film Festival, 2005. Golden Leopard Award Locarno Film Festival, 2004. Best Actor (Mohammed Bakri) Buenos Aires International Film Festival, 2005 “All Palestinian kids in Israel used to hold the Israeli flag and sing for Israel in Arabic each year we used to do that, to celebrate – we would prepare dance shows, theatre plays and songs! A lot of decorations and flags went everywhere… and no one said anything. But the next day, which is the official independence day, when all families and friends were supposed to go out on a picnic somewhere or to the beach… my father used to feel sick and we never left the house”. (Statement by director Ula Tabari). In her insightful and personal debut documentary Tabari intelligently probes the multiple paradoxes and tensions effecting Palestinian identity politics inside pre 1967 Israeli borders. De Palestijnse leraar Mohammad woont met zijn vrouw en vijf kinderen in een dorpje in de Gaza-strook. Hun huis wordt bezet door Israëlische soldaten die op de bovenste verdieping gaan wonen. Ondanks de gevaarlijke situatie weigert Mohammad te vertrekken, omdat hij overtuigd is van zijn eigen geloof in vreedzame oplossingen. Elk familielid reageert anders op de angst die deze situatie met zich meebrengt. Alleen de oudste dochter Mariam accepteert de situatie meteen, al vindt ze, in tegenstelling tot haar vader, dat de soldaten wél met geweld mogen worden bestreden. Mohammads beslissing lijkt te werken, maar hoe lang houdt de familie stand onder de druk? De briljante cast bestaat uit sterren uit zowel Israël als Palestina. Gebaseerd op een waargebeurd verhaal. Locarno Film Festival Gouden Luipaard voor Beste Film. Locarno Film Festival Bronzen Luipaard Beste Acteur Mohammad Bakri. (Vertoond in Hilversum 2013).

Promised Lands

Susan Sontag 1974 docu 137 min.

Susan Sontag’s only documentary, Promised Lands was filmed in the aftermath of the October 1973 war and initially banned by Israeli censors wary of “damaging the country’s morale”’. Recently rereleased after being inexplicably forgotten, this immediately unique essay film marks a critical moment in Zionist society, but also in Sontag’s own thinking on images and power. Against a back of post–war anomie and anti–Arab sentiment, her film traces fault lines in a militarised society, combining observational meditations (landscapes, military patrols, cinemas, cemeteries, psychiatric wards, national museums) with profound interviews (with author Yoram Kaniuk and physicist Yuval Ne’eman). A prominent public intellectual at the time of its making, Sontag was already penning her celebrated essays On Photography, stressing that medium’s acquisitive violences and desensitizing effects. That she chose to turn her own lens onto images of faraway wars and the spectacle of human suffering at the same moment raises fascinating questions, making Promised Lands not just an exceptional document of a critical juncture in Middle East history, but also compelling viewing for anyone engaging with Sontag’s work.


B.Z. GoldbergJustine ShapiroCarlos Bolado 2002 USA docu 114 min. Arabisch/Hebreeuws Dolby Digital 2.0. Nederlands & Frans ondertiteld..

In Promises volgen we een groep negen- tot dertienjarigen uit Jeruzalem: kinderen van zowel gematigde als extremistische Palestijnse en Israëlische ouders. Schokkend is te zien hoe sommigen van hen al hopeloos verstrikt zijn geraakt in de haat van de regio. Hoopgevend is dat andere kinderen door persoonlijk contact ondervinden dat vooroordelen vaak voortkomen uit gebrek aan kennis van andermans cultuur. De veel bekroonde documentaire Promises laat op aangrijpende wijze zien dat kinderen niet alleen als slachtoffers van hun omgeving moeten worden bekeken. Ze spelen immers een grote rol bij de toekomstige ontwikkelingen in hun land. Academy Award Nominee Best Documentary, International Film Festival Rotterdam Audience Awar.

The Purple Field
Nasri Hajjaj (ook producer). docu 18 min, Palestine 2015,  Arab. en Duits gesproken met Engelse ondertitels. DCP. Tamer, a Palestinian-Syrian, flees war-torn Syria and ends up in Austria after a three-month journey through Europe. He waits for the government’s response to his asylum application.
The Qalandia Report

Tamar Goldschmidt 2004 docu 8 min.

This new short documents the long and slowly moving lines of Palestinians queuing at the infamous Qalandiya checkpoint between Jerusalem and Ramallah. The line of queuing people is termed by the occupation forces ‘The Humanitarian Line’….


Samer Salameh 2009 fiction 4 min.

In this short video art piece by Samer Salameh, the myth of Penelope is reimagined in terms of the Palestinian reality of exile and the faithful wait for return. As Penelope (an elderly Palestinian woman) weaves a woollen sweater, her husband grows distracted in his own waiting, and begins inadvertently unravelling the same sweater. Salameh suggests the wool as a thread of time and loyalty, separating Penelope from Palestine, while extending eternal and forever rebeginning

A People Without a Land

Eliyahu Unger-Sargon 2014 | Documentary | 78 min
A People Without a Land challenges the stale ideas that have been the basis of the failed Israeli-Palestinian peace process and proposes a bold new way forward. The film tells the story of individuals who have moved beyond traditional notions of Zionism and are working to build a future based on integration rather than separation.

Perforated memory

Sandra Madi 2008 docu 101 min.

Perforated Memory tells the story of a group of exguerrillas (Fedayeen) who were active members in the Palestinian Revolution Movement during different stages of the struggle. Many wounded guerrillas reside today in Jordan where they have suffered from poverty, neglect and a certain “amnesia” amongst others regarding the sacrifices and heroism entailed in their contributions to the struggle. Sandra Madi’s heartbreaking film shows that the journey from revered images of freedom fighters upholding a just cause, to those of dejected elderly men in worn clothing, perhaps physically or mentally disabled, seems short indeed. Perforated Memory asks how the political events and personal narratives contributing to collective memory have been deformed to arrive at this tragic forgetfulness. Madi’s film won top prize at Beirut’s Docudays 2009 Festival.

Perpetual Recurrences

Curated by: Reem Shilleh

Reem Shilleh presents a montage of four decades of filmmaking in and about Palestine in which repetition is central.

This film programme—which is, rather, a montage—exhibits a collection of scenes that gather around each other to form sequences. They do this dictated by repetitive occurrences, be that location, political discourse, mise-en-scène, objects, and so on. From the flashing image or sound, to the classroom, the militant in an open field delivering a speech with a tree somewhere in sight, young women seated on a floor discussing revolutionary politics, and to travelling shots in the tight alleyways of refugee camps and from inside cars moving through streets and checkpoints, they are plucked out from their heavily politicized filmic contexts, form and content-wise.
Then, they are placed in sequences and screened to observe the political panoply of the moving image produced in and about Palestine. The fragments were extracted from a number of films and videos created over the last four decades about Palestine, tracking repetition in works from militant filmmaking during the Palestinian revolutionary period 1968–82, post-Oslo, and more contemporary films and videos. Some of the authors, to name a few, include Nils Vest, Basma Alsharif, Koji Wakamatsu and Masao Adachi, Mahdi Fleifel, and Michel Khleifi.

Personal Affairs

by Maha Haj, Drama (film en animatie) | 90 min, Israel 2016

This drama intimately chronicles a Palestinian family spread between Nazareth, Ramallah, and Sweden, whose various generations struggle to find the words to keep their fractured world from falling apart.
In Nazareth, an old couple lives wearily to the rhythm of the daily routine. On the other side of the border, in Ramallah, their son Tarek wishes to remain an eternal bachelor, their daughter is about to give birth while her husband lands a movie role and the grandmother loses her head … Between check-points and dreams, frivolity and politics, some want to leave, others want to stay but all have personal affairs to resolve.


Winner: Archie Award for Best First Feature,Philadelphia Film Festival, Philadelphia, 2016; Critics’ Prize, Festival Cinéma Méditeranéen (38th Cinemed), Montpelier, 2016;
Haifa Cultural Award for Best Feature Film, Haifa International Film Festival, Haifa,2016

The Pessoptimist

Mirna Bamieh

Based on Emile Habibi’s 1974 novel ‘The Secret Life of Saeed the Pessoptimist’ about an alien invasion of Palestine – the book from which “Chapter 31” takes its title – video artist Mirna Bamieh reimagines the text from the perspective of a man who finds himself imprisoned for an offence he doesn’t understand.

Bashar Mahmoud Hamdan: | Jordan , Palestine | 2012 |
Documentary. Dialogue with English subtitles | 28 minutes | Swedish Premiere |. Regisseur is a writer, director and producer at Al-Jazeera news channel. Since 2006, he has written and directed many documentaries, which have been broadcasted in Al-Jazeera news Channel, Al- Jazeera Documentary Channel and in other channels. SYNOPSIS: There is a story behind every photo, and every story has its own impact. Taghreed is a journalist from Gaza, who has a passion for photography. She has captured the moments she has lived through her camera and by doing so, she had created a stockpile of pictures, where each tell a story, and tell about her dreams of reaching the world through breaking the siege and crossing the barriers that the occupation has set.
The Pianist of Yarmouk

by Vikram Ahluwalia 2017 | Documentary, 14 min

This touching 14-minute documentary combines animation, original music, and interview with performance and archive footage to chronicle the remarkable journey of Aeham Ahmad, a classically trained musician attempting to escape the war in Syria. Ahmad rose to international prominence in 2014 after being filmed playing the piano and singing songs of peace amid the rubble of Yarmouk, a besieged Palestinian refugee camp on the outskirts of Damascus, Syria. When invading fighters threatened his life, Aeham was forced to flee with his wife and children, embarking on a perilous voyage across land and sea.

Picasso in Palestine

by Rashid Masharawi
In June 2011, Picasso’s painting Buste de Femme (1943) was brought from its home in Van Abbemuseum in the Netherlands to the Exhibition space at the International Academy of Art Palestine (IAAP) in Ramallah for an unprecedented and ambitious exhibit. As the film depicts, even great works of art are subject to the vicissitudes of the occupation, and this effort was fraught with unimaginable bureaucratic and logistical obstacles and challenges.
Directed by Rashid Masharawi (Ticket to Jerusalem (2002), Waiting (2005), Leila’s Birthday (2008), Palestine Stereo (2013) and produced by Khaled Hourani, the Director of IAAP.

Pink Bullet

Ramzi Hazboun | Palestina, Nederland | 2014 | 12’| Blu-Ray | Arabisch gesproken | Engels ondertiteld
Ali wakes up jumbled by the construction noise coming from outside, and the disturbing dream he just had. Little did he know that his day would be shuddery as the way it started, yet with little twists.

Pinkwashing Exposed: Seattle Fights Back!

Dean Spade, docu 60 min, 2015.

Local queer Palestine solidarity activists successfully lobby the City of Seattle’s LGBT Commission to drop an Israeli-government-supported tour featuring gay and lesbian activists that had been slated to visit the area. The film sheds light on what pinkwashing is, how local activists are fighting back, and the resulting community backlash

Pioneer High

by Suha Araj, 9 min. comedy, 2014. V

In 1969, Pioneer High in Ann Arbor Michigan is ripe with revolution as the Vietnam war is nearing its end. Hala, a new emigrant from Palestine, joins Pioneer High wearing pants which is strictly against school policy for girls. Disorientated and weak in English, Hala, an unsuspecting, rebel repeatedly disobeys the rules, wearing pants day after day. The teacher sees his authority slipping and a revolt brewing as he is loosing control of his classroom to the new girl’s influence.
Production: Nilou Safinya, Darren Dean

Planet of the arabs

Jackie Salloum 2003 fiction 9 min.

Salloum’s traileresque montage of Hollywood’s relentless vilification of Arabs and Muslims is informed by the book ‘Reel Bad Arabs’ by Jack Shaheen: Of 1,000 films that have Arab and Muslim characters (from 18962000), 12 were positive depictions, 52 were evenhanded and the remainder were negative.

Pomegranates and myrrh

Najwa Najjar 2009 fiction 1095 min.

Pomegranates and Myrrh is the debut feature length work by Najwa Najjar (Yasmine’s Song). Bold in subject matter and lyrical in style, the film challenges a series of taboos while foregrounding the experiences of women in the daily Palestinian struggle. Dancer Kamar’s joyful wedding to Zaid is followed almost immediately by Zaid’s imprisonment in an Israeli jail for refusing to relinquish his land. Freespirited Kamar wants to support her husband but struggles with the idea of giving up dance and her own dreams. Matters are complicated when a new dance instructor, Kais, returns after many years in Lebanon and takes a special interest in Kamar. As she struggles to deal with the weight of Kais’s attention, the tension of balancing her own desires with her duties as the wife of a prisoner are brought to the surface. Meanwhile Zaid’s family continues to fight against confiscation of their lands. Kamar’s life is thrown into turmoil as she becomes increasingly attached to Kais, caught between her desire to dance and her anxiety over breaking taboos over the role of a prisoner’s wife’s.

Port of memory

Kamal Aljafari 2009 docu 106 min.

Port of Memory follows the family of the filmmaker after they receive an order to evacuate their home in ‘Ajami, Jaffa’s once prosperous seafront neighbourhood. Their lives and those of other residents are thrown into disarray as they lack the means to fight back. Radically poetic, Port of Memory is a reflection on the absurdity of being at once absent and present as a Palestinian living within Israel today. But Aljafari’s (The Roof) latest film is far more than a documentary. Fashioned out of an intoxicating blend of expressionistic, verité, and reflective genre styles, this is a statement of iconoclastic creative intent from one of the most exciting voices to emerge in Palestinian cinema for a generation. Beautifully shot and densely layered, Port of Memory is an artistic tour de force, and an unforgettable cinema experience .

The presence of absence in the ruins of Kafr Bir'im

John Halaka 2008 docu 60 min.

An artistic interview with Ibrahim Issa, a survivor of the Nakba from the destroyed Palestinian village of Kafr Bir’im, about village history and the unique struggle of its residents to return. The film, set in the village’s cemetery and featuring Issa’s distinctive spoken word poetry, demonstrates Palestinians’ deep connection to their land and the agony of dispossession.

Present Perspectives

Israel, 2012, 52 minutes 
Director: Various Directors

An Oasis on the Hill
Gal Kohen / 12 min
Two friends, an Arab and a Jew from Neve Shalom Village (Oasis of Peace), reach the pivotal age of 18.
Jerusalem ER
Hilla Medalia / 17 min
 The experiences of Arab and Jewish doctors in Jerusalem’s Hadasah hospital.
Jerusalem Moments
Daniel Gal / 23 min
 The new train in Jerusalem and its diverse passengers – Jews, Arabs, religious, and secular.
Co-presented by: Hashomer Hatzair

Pressure Points: Israel, Berkeley and the Divestment Resolution

Anne Paxton 2008 docu 60 min.

The University of California at Berkeley was recently witness to one of the first extended public debates in the United States over institutional divestment from companies invested in Israel’s occupation and military. With access to all the major protagonists, Anne Paxton’s documentary chronicles what was a hugely contentious debate, involving not just the Berkeley student body, but also Israeli diplomats, renowned scholars, campaign and lobby organisations, and Palestinian witnesses. Combining interviews with documentation from committee proceedings and footage from Palestine, Pressure Points relates the divestment initiative to a history of U.S. social justice movements, including the Free Speech Movement and antiapartheid campaigns.

Private Investigation

Ula Tabari docu 2002 90 min.
“All Palestinian kids in Israel used to hold the Israeli flag and sing for Israel “All Palestinian kids in Israel used to hold the Israeli flag and sing for Israel in Arabic. Every year we used to celebrate; we would prepare dance shows, in Arabic. Every year we used to celebrate; we would prepare dance shows, theater plays and songs! A lot of decorations and flags everywhere…and no theater plays and songs! A lot of decorations and flags everywhere…and no one said anything. 
But the next day, which is the official independence-day, one said anything. But the next day, which is the official independence-day, when all families and friends were supposed to go out on a picnic when all families and friends were supposed to go out on a picnic somewhere or to the beach …my father used to be sick and we never left somewhere or to the beach …my father used to be sick and we never left
the house”. the house”.
A documentary on living as a Palestinian in the Israeli Jewish state’.
Integraal op:

'Private Sun

Rami Alayan fiction 25 min.

Private Sun is a short drama about a woman living in occupied Palestine who suffers from a bone disease caused by vitamin D deficiency. Mariam is instructed by her doctor to sunbathe in order to reverse the vitamin deficiency causing her condition. But with nosy neighbours, an overbearing sister in law, and incessant Israeli surveillance overhead, private moments under the sun prove hard to come by…

Palestine in Sight: Hani Jawhariya

by Mustafa Abu Ali, documentary 23 min. Palestine 1976, Arab. with English subtitles.

An homage to the cinematographer Hani Jawhariya of the Palestine Film Unit of the PLO, which contributed significantly to the emergence and body of the films of the Palestinian resistance. Jawhariya was killed in filming in Lebanon. The film is one of the few remaining documents of the work of the Palestine Film Unit.

The Palestinian Diaspora Orchestra

by Sawsan Qaoud, documentary 48 min. English. Palestine 2018.

Trailer en info:
The Palestine National Orchestra was first set up in 1936 but was disbanded when Israel was founded in 1948. In 1993, a group of musicians started a Palestinian national music school in Ramallah which has developed into the Edward Said National Conservatory of Music. It now also has branches in Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Nablus and Gaza. In 2010, the Conservatory decided to revive the national orchestra by bringing musicians together from all around the world. “It took us a year to collect all the names, make calls and get the names and numbers…we created a network and they came from all over the world,” explains Mohammed Fadel, musician and co-founder of PNO. “People from abroad helped us. So did others from the Arab world. They trained our members on how an orchestra works. It was the birth of the first Palestinian orchestra and gathering of musicians.” The musicians are all from different backgrounds but equally proud of their Palestinian origins. They’re thrilled to be invited to join the orchestra and moved by the shared experience of bringing quality western classical and traditional Arab music to their target audience in Israel and the Occupied West Bank. Charlie Bisharat is a professional violinist in California whose Palestinian father and uncles emigrated to the US in 1950. Being part of the orchestra “is a dream for me,” he says. “I had never had the opportunity to come to Palestine. Until Tim Pottier and Mohammad Fadel contacted me, I really didn’t know when I would ever have that opportunity. So it was really a great chance to come out and meet people of my heritage and play music with them and it is a very not political situation so it’s really nice because we’re here to spread the word of Palestinian culture and the good side of the culture. ” For car mechanic turned musician, Ramadan Khattab, performing in Palestine with other musicians is visceral. “When I perform in Palestine, I have a special feeling that I never have when I perform anywhere else…I believe all the other orchestra members feel the same. If you look at the performers’ faces, you see something that you don’t see somewhere else,” says Khattab. “When we perform together, our hearts don’t beat out of fear, but out of love. And this is different from the others.” Similarly, Mariam Tamari, a Palestinian-Japanese classical singer who studied in US and is now based in Paris, shares Ramadan’s feelings. “Singing with the Palestine National Orchestra is quite different because it brings together two of my passions; my identity as a Palestinian and also my identity as a musician,”. Her father was forced into exile as a young man but through his connection to Palestine, Tamari was able to retain her link with her father’s homeland. “All of us feel this sense of very strong identity as a Palestinian and we have something very specific and very passionate and important to communicate to the world and this makes the experience unlike any other because already from the first rehearsal, despite the fact that we’ve come from all over the world, we bond immediately like that. We’ve become like family from the first day of rehearsal and there is an incredible sense of unity and just togetherness that I feel with the Palestine National Orchestra that I think it’s something quite rare,” says Tamari. Meanwhile, Mohammed Fadel’s efforts have borne fruit. The Palestine National Orchestra has continued to bring Palestinian musicians together to express their love of music and show its power as a unifying force, especially for the Palestinian community.

Paper Boat

by Mahmoud Ghalwa documentary (music) 15 min. Gaza 2016, Arabic, English subtitles.


How to welcome a child into a world darkened by endless war? A young expecting couple in Gaza struggle with this agonizing question in the lead up to the Israeli invasion of Gaza in 2014.

Past Tense Continuous

by Dima Hourani, docudrama 11 min, Palestine 2014

And if the Palestinian refugees had returned to their towns and villages, their homes and their lands? And if they had returned to Haifa, Jaffa, Al-Masmiyya and Acre, the artist wonders, while families in black and white cross the city in a forced march, uninterrupted for 70 years. This reconstruction plays on images printed in the Palestinian collective memory, and creates a space to intervene in the narrative, whereas the facts in question do not only belong to the past, but continue to occur until now.

Palestine Is Still the Issue

Part II
Director: John Pilger   documentary    53 min.

Almost 30 years apart, John Pilger’s two documentaries about Palestine carried the same title, Palestine is Still the Issue. His point was that, in the course of a generation, a great injustice remained unchanged and urgent.

His 1974 film described the flight and expulsion of almost a million Palestinians, who became refugees in their own land – at the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, then as a result of the Six Day War in 1967.

‘What has changed,’ says Pilger on his return to film his 2002 documentary, ‘is that the Palestinians have fought back. Stateless and humiliated for so long, they have risen up against Israel’s huge military regime, although they themselves have no army, no tanks, no American planes and gunships or missiles… For [them], the overriding, routine of terror, day after day, has been the ruthless control of almost every aspect of their lives, as if they live in an open prison.’

The Palestinians’ struggle for their land is the theme of both films. The loss of 78 per cent of land in 1948 meant that they could claim only the remaining 22 per cent, which was occupied by Israel. They fought mainly with slingshots against tanks and planes during their first uprising, the 1987 intifada, and rose again and again.

The curfews, controls, roadblocks and checkpoints governing their lives bear comparison with apartheid South Africa, says Pilger, who interviews both Palestinians and Israelis, making his report infinitely more powerful than if it had given voice simply to the oppressed. Indeed, the majority of his witnesses are Israeli. The longest interview is one of the most revealing – with Dori Gold, an influential figure at the heart of Israeli power.

A Palestinian talks about his sister, the first female suicide bomber, a 28-year-old ambulance volunteer who had witnessed the deaths and wounding of people. He is proud of her. An Israeli father, Rami Elhanan, remembers his 14-year-old daughter who was killed by a suicide bomb. ‘You have to recognise the despair of those who carry out such atrocities,’ he says. ‘You have to ask yourself: have you contributed in any way to this despair. The suicide bomber was a victim, the same as my girl was.’

With Israel controlling the occupied West Bank through Jewish settlements that are illegal under international law, Pilger visits one such settlement. He passes through a military checkpoint and along a road bordered by electrified barbed wire, which was built for the sole use of Jewish settlers and Israeli soldiers – a striking emblem of apartheid, he says – before discovering the surreal spectacle of what appears to be a quiet middle-class suburb, complete with houses with satellite dishes on neat, tree-lined roads.

One of the most telling voices is that of a soldier, Yishai Rosen-Zvi, who has refused to serve on the occupied West Bank and describes ‘the huge bluff of the Israeli establishment’, adding, ‘[Every] criticism of its policies is called anti-Semitism, [when] criticising your country’s policy is the only patriotic thing that one can do.’

His words are prophetic. An orchestrated Zionist-run campaign was mounted against Palestine is Still the Issue, mainly in the United States by groups who had not seen the film. Each email they sent had a generic theme of ‘anti-Semitism’ – an early version of social media ‘bots’. Pilger and his family received death threats.

In Britain, the Independent Television Commission, then the regulator for commercial TV, conducted a three-month inquiry and concluded that Palestine is Still the Issue was ‘fair and balanced’ and had not breached the ‘due impartiality’ clause in the 1990 Broadcasting Act. It praised the film’s historical accuracy, together with the ‘care and thoroughness with which it was researched’. Palestine is Still the Issue won a number of international awards.

Awards: The Chris Statuette in the War & Peace division, Chris Awards, Columbus International Film & Video Festival, Ohio, 2003; Winner, War & Peace category, Vermont International Film Festival, 2003; Certificate of Merit, Chicago International Television Awards.

Palestine Is Still The Issue was a Carlton Television production for ITV first broadcast on ITV1, 16 September 2002
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The Pipe

by Sami Zarour, documentary 10 min, Palestin 2018, Arabic with English subtitles.

An experience of solitary prison that goes beyond the walls of a cell. For a prisoner is not always the one confined by walls.

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